World Theatre Day: History and Achievement

World Theatre Day is celebrated on March 27th to raise awareness about the importance of theatre and its cultural significance. It was first initiated by the International Theatre Institute in 1961. In the Indian context, the theatre has a long and rich history that dates back to ancient times.


Theatre in India has evolved over time and has been influenced by different cultures and traditions. One of the earliest forms of Indian theatre was Sanskrit drama, which dates back to the 5th century BC. Sanskrit drama was known for its elaborate costumes, makeup, and stage design. It was also characterized by its use of music and dance.

During the medieval period, Indian theatre was influenced by Islamic traditions and saw the emergence of Urdu and Parsi theatre. The 19th and 20th centuries saw the emergence of modern Indian theatre, which was influenced by Western theatre techniques and ideas.

Indian theatre has produced many great playwrights and performers over the years. Some of the notable playwrights include Kalidasa, Bhasa, and Bhavabhuti. Actors like Bal Gandharva, Prithviraj Kapoor, and Naseeruddin Shah have also made significant contributions to Indian theatre.


The achievements of Indian theatre are many. It has played a significant role in shaping the cultural identity of India and has been instrumental in promoting social and political awareness. Indian theatre has also played a significant role in promoting gender equality and challenging social norms.

One of the lessons that can be learned from Indian theatre is the importance of preserving cultural traditions while also embracing new ideas and techniques. Indian theatre has managed to maintain its unique identity while also incorporating elements of Western theatre.

Another lesson that can be learned from Indian theatre is the power of theatre as a tool for social change. Indian theatre has been used to promote social and political awareness and has been instrumental in bringing about change in society.


Indian theatre has a rich history and has made significant contributions to the cultural identity of India. Its achievements and contributions are a testament to the power of theatre as a tool for social change and cultural preservation. The article was originally published on Medium. Thank you for reading.

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